Veggies to plant in October
South Africa has an average temperature of 28°C in October with around 12 hours of sunshine a day, and about 11mm of rainfall spread over the month. This make it the perfect month for veggies to plant in October. South Africa is located in the southern hemisphere, which means October falls in spring, and the weather continues to get warmer as the month progresses. Summer lasts from about December to March before winter takes over from June to August.
October is the time to sow the seeds of pumpkin, marrows, carrots, beetroots, beans, cucumbers, rocket and radishes into prepared beds.
Tomatoes, green peppers, eggplant, chillies and lettuce should be sowed into seed trays in order to germinate before planting them into the prepared beds. Put a thin layer of straw over the sown seeds to help prevent the beds from drying out in warm weather.
Carrots soil must be cultivated deeply to make it loose and friable. Plant your carrots in rows of 40cm apart. Seeds should be planted 2.5cm deep and 5cm apart.
Cumbers will need sturdy stakes to keep the fruit off the ground. They will need warm, fertile, and well-drained soil rich in organic matter with a soil PH between 6 and 7.
Green beans should be planted every two to three weeks, or until about two months before the first expected fall frost. You can sow green bean seeds directly into the garden once the soil has warmed in the spring.
Leaf lettuce seedlings should be planted 10cm apart. Romaine and butterhead lettuce seedlings require space between each plant.
Radishes should be covered with barely half an inch of soil. When preparing the soil, avoid fresh manure and organic materials or fertilisers high in nitrogen.
Squashes and baby marrows need to be thinned out to allow ample space for you to trail them up some obelisks made of poles. You can also trail them over a wire fence.
Sweet peppers sprout in about a week at a temperature of 26°C. You should plant peppers deep into the soil for the same reasons as the tomato plant.
Tomatoes should be planted deeper than they originally grew in their nursery trays. The plants will be more anchored and sturdier and roots will develop along the buried portion of the stems.
Spinach should be planted every few weeks to ensure a continuous supply. Spinach needs about one to one and a half inches of rain or irrigation per week.
Vegetables that can be planted together
Basil and tomatoes
Keep tomatoes away from cabbage, beets, peas, fennel, dill, and rosemary.
Basil and peppers
Keep peppers away from beans so the vines don’t spread among the pepper plants.
Corn and beans
Keep green beans away from beets or anything from the onion family.
Cucumber and beans, celery, corn, lettuce, dill, peas
Keep cucumbers away from aromatic herbs such as sage.
Carrots and onions
Keep onions away from asparagus, beans, and peas